Midges, also known as Sand Flies, Noseeums, and Punkies are often confused with Gnats. For such small fellows they sure can become a big nuisance inside and out. Most midges are merely an aggravation, but the biting midges leave marks that are disproportionate to their tiny size.
They are often confused with the mosquito because of their appearance and similar habits. So, what are midges? They are tiny insects that are commonly found near water sources like lakes and rivers. The non-biting midge is much larger than the biting midge. Both midges lay their eggs in standing water, wet mud, lakes, ponds, slow moving streams and marshes.
Non-biting midges will swarm in large numbers at sundown and their humming can be heard several feet away. Adult non-biting midges are attracted to light, which is why they can be found near homes and, of course, find their way inside. Biting midges swarm at both sun up and sun down. In summer, midges that bite can reach vast numbers and become a genuine problem for all.
Biting midges can be extremely annoying because even though they are very small size they have a very painful bite. They suck blood from the skin, causing itching and swelling that can last for several days. The female midge needs blood meals for reproduction. They have small cutting teeth that allow blood to pool so the midge can ingest it. When they suck blood from the skin, it causes itching and swelling that can last for several days. The bites are similar to mosquito bites.
Midges do not generally enter structures, but they are small enough to get through screens. Higher mesh screens may be necessary if you live near a pond or lake where the midge numbers can be very large. Outside lights should be kept off as much as possible at night as the light will attract them to the house.
Midges cannot be eradicated, but you can successfully control them with habitat modification, strategic pesticide and repellent applications. This will help you keep them at a tolerable level. So for more information on successful pest control for midges in Tampa, Plant City, and surrounding areas, call Safari Pest Control, LLC at 813-703-4673. It's a jungle out there!